A Joint Stock company is formed to gain profits by a group of people under the act in which capital is not transferable and the shareholders carry limited liabilities. Any individual can file a case against a company and vice-versa. A company carries an under which it runs; its business and its entity is permanent.
Section 2 (20) of the Companies Act, 2013 defines a Company very precisely as follows
Company méans a Company incorporated under this Act or under any previous Company Law.
According to Prof. Haney
A joint-stock company is an artificial person created by law having a separate entity with a perpetual succession and a common seal.
A Joint Stock Company is said to be an Artificial Person create by law, having a separate entity with a perpetual succession and a Common Seat.
It is assumed that the company came into existence in the 12th century in Italy and in the 16th century in England. In India first of all the East India Company was established in 1600 A.D. In our country Indian Compånies Act was introduced in 1913 for the first time and then in 1956 amended companies act was passed but pow companies are established and dissolved under the Companies Act 2013.
Meaning of a Joint Stock company
A Joint Stock company is formed to gain profits by a group of people under the act in which the capital is not transferable and the shareholders carry limited liabilities. Any individual can file a case against a company and vice-versa. A company carries an under which it runs; its business and its entity is permanent.Read More »Joint Stock Company as an Artificial Person
Prior to the year 1932, there was no arrangement for the registration of firms in India. But after the enforcement of the Partnership Act, 1932, provisions for registration of firms were made. But for partnership firms, registration was made voluntary and not compulsory, or registration of the firm is dependent on the will of the partners. Nonregistration of the firm creates a number of difficulties. Therefore registration of the firm is very beneficial.Read More »Registration of Firms
A partnership is a voluntary organization of two or more persons who agree to earn profits from a lawful business and share it among themselves. The persons who participate in this business are individually called ‘Partners’ and cumulatively called a ‘Firm’. The name in which the business is carried on is called ‘the name of the firm’.
The partner who has invested more in partnership business and directly involves in business activities is called an active partner. The partners who have invested money but involve in business activity is called sleeping partner. The partner who has invested money but nominated as a partner is called a nominal partner. The partner who is retired from the business but investment is not written is called quasi-partner.
A partnership firm is different from a Sole Proprietorship in terms of the rights of a partner.
Partnership is the mutual relationship between two or more persons, who make a contract to share profits and losses among themselves from the exercises of a specific business. In other words, when two or more persons agree to carry on a business for mutual profits, it is said that they have formed a partnership.
The rights of a partner in a partnership firm are different from the counterpart of a sole proprietorship firm.
Sole trader-ship or proprietorship is the oldest form of business in all the countries of the world. Along with the progress of the business, its form has also been changing. But due to its simplicity, quick formation, and easiness, this form is the most popular and in practice in the world.