Population Problem In India
Dr. Julian Huxley has written in his book
India’s condition in relation to population problem is very troublesome. If, India is unable to find a solution to the problem of population, a big political and soda distortion may arise. But, if, it succeeds it would not only get the lead in Asia but (due to wide market) become the center of attraction of the whole world.
The problem of population can be solved by the economic development of the country. To curb the increase in population following suggestions can be implemented.
Proposed Solutions to Population Problem in India
Strict Implementation of the Rules of Marriage
Presently the marriageable age for boys and girls under the law is 21 and 18 years, respectively. This should be strictly followed. The parents forbidding this rule must be punished suitably.
Reduce the Birth Rate
To control the birth rate, it is necessary to propagate birth control devices, educating the people, creating profitable job opportunities for them and increasing the living standard of people by this.
Propagating Women’s Education
According to Dr. Alka Cohosh
Women’s education is necessary in the direction of curbing the rapid increase in population.
In- this context the knowledge of family planning should be included in the school syllabus for girls at secondary level.
The educational organisations should compulsorily provide moral education. Birth rate reduces by moral restraint. Moral restraint includes late marriage, bachelorhood and living in restraint manner etc.
Tax Relief and Other Benefits
To make family planning more popular some tax reliefs and other attractions should be given. Unmarried and childless people must be given tax reliefs.
The state government should arrange mobile hospitals, which should contain all the medicines relating to family planning and other devices and accessories for distribution.
Discourage Large Families
With the object to discourage large families, higher taxes should be imposed on them and tax rebates be offered to small families.
Elimination of Superstitions
By making the village people more educated, efforts should be made to eliminate their superstitions. Family planning scheme should be approved by the village head or Sar-Panch because on his advice more and more people of the village would follow.
For this program, films, songs, speeches, discussions and distribution of advertising material should, be used and the Panchayats and social service organisations must be assisted in this work. People’s attitude will have to be changed for the success of family planning program.