What is Agricultural Productivity?
Agricultural productivity (Low Agricultural Productivity In India) is measured as the ratio of agricultural outputs to agricultural inputs. While individual products are usually measured by weight, their varying densities make measuring overall agricultural output difficult.
Suggestions For Problem Of Low Productivity in India
While agricultural production so low in India here are few measures that could be taken to overcome this problem in near future. The following are some suggestions to deal with the problem of low production in India.
Expansion of Credit Facilities
To increase agricultural productivity, it is essential that the credit facilities be appropriately expanded. This would help the farmers fulfill their short-term, medium-term, and long-term financial requirements easily. All efforts should be made to provide credit facilities to farmers quickly and economically.
Education and Training of Farmer
Through education and training, the farmers should be encouraged to improve the farming techniques, use scientific methods to increase productivity, and enhance their skills. The proper education system would eliminate superstition, conservatism, and ignorance among farmers and it would be easier to increase productivity by the development of these human qualities.
Improvement of Irrigation Facilities
Indian agriculture is called a gamble of rains. This condition should quickly end. A network of irrigation facilities should be spread. The small irrigation plans and the wells and tube-wells system should be expanded on a preference basis.
Plant Protection Scheme
Arrangements should be made to protect the plants from insects and diseases. More insecticides should be manufactured and arrangements should be made to increase their use. The development of research work relating to diseases should be done to benefit from these researches.
To increase agricultural productivity it is necessary to have a technical service system for scientific solutions for production problems. Agricultural productivity can be increased on the basis of these technical suggestions.
Expansion of Marketing Facilities
Making the marketing system better and lawful to remove its defects would increase productivity. When the farmers would receive a fair price for their labor, then they will perform the production activity and more skillfully.
Encouragement to Cooperative Farming
To increase productivity and make the agricultural system progressive, cooperative farming should be rapidly expanded. Cooperative farming would help the farmer correct the present uneconomical methods of farming.
Necessary effort should be made in the direction of reducing the pressure of a high population on agricultural land.
Effective efforts should be made in the improvement of the health of farmers. A system of proper and balanced diet and health facilities should be established. Only the healthy farmers can attain the objective of increasing productivity. Lack of efficiency of unhealthy farmers resulting in low productivity, it can be removed only by improvement in health facilities.
Scientific Methods of Cultivation
Cultivation methods should be improved and should be scientifically carried out, crops should be properly distributed, techniques based on agricultural research should be adopted. All the activities like plowing, sowing, irrigation, etc. should be properly carried out, then only production can be increased.
Proper and Quick Implementation of Land Reforms
Proper and quick implementation of land reforms should be done so that the farmers are encouraged to bring some basic improvements. Elimination of mediators and permanent ownership of land to farmers should be done immediately.
To Initiate Crop Insurance Scheme
Implementation of a crop insurance scheme would help in increasing agricultural productivity. By this, the farmers would not worry about the uncertainty of production and their income would become stable, by which they would be able to complete the production activity more sincerely.